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An Introduction to Learning Disabilities

Does your child have trouble reading out loud, writing an essay, or even solving basic math? These struggles might indicate learning disabilities, an umbrella term for a wide variety of learning problems.

A learning disability or disorder is not a problem of intelligence or motivation. Children with these deficits aren’t lazy or dumb. They are as smart as everyone else but have brains that process information and function differently.

Those with learning disabilities see, hear, and understand things in a different way. These differences can lead to trouble with learning new information or skills and then putting those skills to use. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, and reasoning, alongside with listening and speaking.

While many children have difficulty with their homework from time to time, if a certain area continues to show problems, it might indicate a learning disability.

Learning Disabilities: A Timeline

Learning disabilities can arise in children at a very young age. Genetic and neurological factors alter brain functioning in ways that affect one or more of the cognitive processes connected to learning.

1st Grade Common Core ELA Workbook (English Language Arts)
By practicing and mastering this entire 1st grade ELA workbook, your child will become very familiar and comfortable with the state English exam and common core standards. This 1st Grade Common Core ELA Workbook includes: State Aligned Common Core Curriculum 20 Weeks of Daily Practice with Weekly Assessments 500+ Minutes of  Video Explanations 300+ 1st Grade ELA Questions Week 1: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 2: Punctuation and Capitalization Week 3: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 4: Nouns (Common, Proper, Possessive) Week 5: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 6: Verbs Week 7: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 8: Adjectives and Prepositions Week 9: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 10: Pronouns (Singular, Plural, Subject, Object, Possessive) Week 11: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 12: Fragments and Declarative Sentences Week 13: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 14: Commas Week 15: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 16: Vowels and Consonants Week 17: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 18: Root Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes Week 19: Reading Comprehension Passages Week 20: Classifying Objects, Speech, and Adjectives Argo Brothers Common Core ELA Workbook, Grade 1 Each question is labeled with the specific common core standard so both parents and teachers can use this workbook for their student(s). This workbook takes the Common Core State Standards and divides them up among 20 weeks. By working on these problems on a daily basis, students will be able to (1) find any deficiencies in their understanding and/or practice of English and (2) have small successes each day that will build competence and confidence in their abilities. If you would like to have a practice with 1st-grade math, check our 1st Common Core Math workbook.
Introducing MATH! Kindergarten Math 500+ Practice Questions
Introducing Math! by ArgoPrep is an award-winning series created by certified teachers to provide students with high-quality practice problems. Kindergarten math workbook is designed to provide you with a comprehensive overview of kindergarten mathematics. Our workbooks include topic overviews with instruction, practice questions, answer explanations along with free digital access to video explanations. Practice in confidence - with ArgoPrep! Chapter 1 - Counting and Cardinality  1.1.  Know number names and the counting sequence in  1.2. Count to tell the number of objects 1.3. Compare numbers 1.4. Chapter Test  Chapter 2 - Operations & Algebraic Thinking  2.1.  Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from numbers. 2.2. Chapter Test Chapter 3 - Numbers & Operation in Base Ten 3.1. Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value  3.2. Chapter Test.  Chapter 4 - Measurement & Data  4.1. Describe and compare measurable attributes 4.2. Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category 4.3. Chapter Test  Chapter 5 - Geometry 5.1. Identify and describe shapes 5.2. Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes 5.3. Chapter Test Introducing MATH! Kindergarten Math by ArgoPrep Our award-winning Kindergarten Math workbook is designed to help your child practice and help boost their scores in math. Created by licensed teachers, this workbook offers comprehensive practice questions on all topics students will face at the kindergarten level. Our workbooks are state-aligned and offer topic overviews with instruction, practice questions, answer explanations along with free digital access to video explanations. Unlike other workbooks on the market, our math and ELA workbooks come included with video explanations that are taught by a highly-qualified instructor on our website. Access our videos to your book on any computer, tablet, or mobile device. We have helped more than 500K students, educators and parents will help your child as well! Boost your child's math score with confidence - with ArgoPrep!
1st Grade Science: Daily Practice Workbook | 20 Weeks of Fun Activities
1st Grade Science Daily Practice workbook by ArgoPrep is designed to help build mastery of foundational science skills. Our science workbooks offer students with 20 weeks of practice of various science skills required for first grade including Physical Science, Life Science, Earth & Space Science, and Engineering. Students will explore science topics in depth with ArgoPrep’s 5 E’S to build science mastery. Engaging with the topic: Read a short text on the topic and answer multiple choice questions. Exploring the topic: Interact with the topic on a deeper level by collecting, analyzing and interpreting data. Explaining the topic: Make sense of the topic by explaining and beginning to draw conclusions about the data. Experimenting with the topic: Investigate the topic through hands on, easy to implement experiments. Elaborating on the topic: Reflect on the topic and use all information learned to draw conclusions and evaluate results. ArgoPrep’s 1st Grade Science Daily Practice Workbook is state-aligned and aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). Here’s a preview of what our workbook covers! Vibrations and Sound Communicating over Distance with Sound Light Sources Light Waves Communicating over Distance with Light External Characteristics of Animals External Characteristics of Plants Mimicking Plants and Animals Animal Survival Trait Inheritance The Universe Patterns of the Sun Patterns of the Moon Patterns of the Stars Seasonal Patterns on Earth Identifying a Problem Developing a Solution Designing a Solution Building & Testing Your Solution Evaluating Solutions ArgoPrep is one of the leading providers of K-8 supplemental educational products. At ArgoPrep, our goal is to provide you with the best workbooks and learning experience. Just in the past year, ArgoPrep has received many awards for it’s curriculum and workbooks. ArgoPrep is a recipient of the prestigious Mom’s Choice Award, 2019 Seal of Approval from Homeschool.com, 2019 National Parenting Products Award, Tillywig Brain Child Award, and a Gold Medal Parent’s Choice Award Winner. If you have any suggestions or need further assistance, don't hesitate to email us at info@argoprep.com or chat with us live on our website at www.argoprep.com

Such processing problems can interfere with online learning skills such as reading, writing, and math. Your child might also have problems developing higher-level skills such as time planning, organization, and abstract reasoning, as well as short- and long-term memory and attention.

You can spot the signs and symptoms of learning disabilities most often during the school years. However, some children do not receive an evaluation until they are in post-secondary education or the workforce.

Learning disabilities must not be confused with learning problems, which are primarily due to visual, auditory, motor, and intellectual handicaps. Learning problems can also arise from emotional disturbance or environmental, cultural, and economic disadvantages.


Children with learning disabilities have above average intelligence. Often, however, there is a gap between your child’s potential and his or her actual achievement. Your child may look and seem bright, but he or she is also unable to demonstrate the skills expected from someone at that age.

Since a learning disability cannot be cured or fixed, it can pose a lifelong predicament for children and parents. There are several types of learning disabilities that benefit from appropriate support and intervention. Timely assistance and intervention can help children achieve success in school, relationships, and their communities.

Types of Learning Disabilities



This type of learning deficit affects your child’s ability to comprehend numbers and learn math facts. Those with dyscalculia demonstrate impaired math calculation skills.

Children with dyscalculia also have weaknesses in fundamental number representation and processing, resulting in difficulties with quantifying sets without counting, using nonverbal processes to complete basic numerical operations, and estimating relative magnitudes of sets.

Because math skills are needed for higher-level problem solving, quantitative reasoning weakens later in life.


Dysgraphia is a common form of learning disability that affects your child’s handwriting ability and fine motor skills.

This disability impairs legibility and automatic letter writing/numeral writing, thus interfering with math learning. Those with dysgraphia have difficulty planning and organizing letters and numerals.


Deficits in accurate and fluent word recognition characterize this learning disability.

Dyslexia affects a child’s reading and related language-based processing skills. Poor word reading can lead to improper reading comprehension skills. A child will then struggle with word recognition, decoding, and spelling.

Your child may also have weakened phonemic and phonological awareness, meaning a difficulty hearing, identifying, and manipulating the sound structure of a verbalized word, including phonemes, syllables, onsets, and rhymes.

Children with dyslexia may also have impaired orthographic processing, which interferes with connecting letters and letter combinations with sounds correctly and fluently.

Written and Oral language Disorder and Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit

This learning disability affects your child’s understanding of what he or she reads and understands. Your child may suffer from this disability if he or she struggles with expressing language in oral and written forms, or often doesn’t understand what is written or spoken to them.

Children exhibit Specific Language Impairment related to weakened semantic processing and syntactic processing. Semantic processing is the encoding of words and deriving their meanings. Syntactic processing is the understanding of the order of words and how that order can change the word’s meaning.

Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities

If your child has trouble interpreting nonverbal indications like facial expressions or body language and has poor coordination of both, he or she might be suffering from non-verbal learning disabilities.

A developing body of research shows that approximately five percent of individuals with learning disabilities have cognitive and academic difficulties linked to nonverbal learning disabilities.

These disabilities include impairment of motoric skills and visual-spatial organizational memory with social abilities. Often children with these disabilities have a well-developed vocabulary and strong reading abilities with rote language skills.

It is not easy to always find and identify your child’s learning disabilities. There are many variations and no single profile of symptoms that define a problem.

Remember to watch for early warning signs. If you are aware of what the problem could be, you can more easily detect a learning disorder and quickly get your child help.

Learning Disabilities: Conclusion

Paying attention to normal developmental milestones for preschoolers and kindergarten children is very important. If you detect developmental differences early on, it might signal a problem. If you are able to spot these problems promptly, you can help correct them at a later stage.

A developmental setback is not a symptom of a learning disability until your child is of a certain age. But if you recognize it while they are still young, you can intervene early on and request an evaluation. You could also ask your pediatrician for a developmental milestone chart.

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Diagnosing a learning disability is a process that involves testing, history taking, and observation by a trained therapist. Find a good doctor and make sure you are communicating directly with your child’s school.

You can then talk to your insurance company, friends, and family who can all effectively help you and your child.

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