# Comparing Numbers to Ten

## Overview

When we compare two numbers, we’re deciding if a number is greater than, less than, or equal to the other number.

For example:

2 is greater than 1

3 is greater than 2

4 is greater than 3

Also:

1 is less than 2

2 is less than 3

3 is less than 4

And:

5 is equal to 5

6 is equal to 6

7 is equal to 7

Let’s use some objects to represent the numbers so it’s easy to compare them.

Let’s put 3 scoops of ice cream on one cone, and 2 scoops of ice cream on another cone.
Now we can see 3 is greater than 2 and 2 is less than 3!

Let’s make some more comparisons.

Let’s put one scoop of ice cream on one cone and 4 scoops on another cone.
Now we can definitely see 4 is greater than 1 and 1 is less than 4!

We can also compare numbers by looking at them on a number line:

Find the number 8 on the number line. Then find the number 4.

The number 8 is TO THE RIGHT of 4 on the number line.
That means 8 is GREATER THAN 4.

The number 4 is TO THE LEFT of 8 on the number line.
That means 4 is LESS THAN 8.

Let’s take a look at the math symbols we use to compare numbers.

They are:

If we want to compare 4 and 3, it would look like this:

4 > 3

or

3 < 4

If we’re comparing two equal numbers, it would look like this:

4 = 4

Sometimes it’s difficult to remember which symbol to use,
so imagine the GREATER THAN and LESS THAN symbols as crocodiles:

Now, all you have to remember is that the crocodile always wants to eat the BIGGER number!

Take a look at these comparisons. Do you see the crocodile munching on the bigger number?

Get ready for some practice questions on comparing numbers 1 to 10!

### Practice Question 1

Let’s compare the numbers 2 and 5.

2 is less than 5

True or False?

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If you’re having trouble comparing numbers up to 10, remember you can always think of the numbers as scoops of ice cream or use small objects to help you!
TIP

### Practice Question 2

Try another true or false question.

8 is greater than 4

True or False?

### Practice Question 3

Imagine you have a bowl with 6 scoops of vanilla ice cream,
and your best friend has a bowl with 6 scoops of chocolate ice cream.

A) GREATER THAN your friend’s scoops?
B) LESS THAN your friend’s scoops?
C) Or EQUAL to your friend’s scoops?

### Practice Question 4

Time to use some math symbols.
Which math symbol belongs in the space between these two numbers?

5 ____ 10

### Practice Question 5

Which math symbol belongs in the space between these two numbers?

7 ____ 5

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