What are patterns?
Being able to spot a pattern can help you predict what will come next and spot mistakes. But the best part of understanding patterns is seeing their beauty! A pattern is any sequence that is repeated more than once.
Stripes on a shirt usually form a pattern. Skip-counting numbers forms a pattern. Arranging socks or books by color, like red, green, red, green, also makes a pattern. Take a look around. What other patterns can you spot?
Spotting a pattern can be easy when you know what to look for! The same sequence should repeat more than 1 time. That means you should be able to spot the beginning of the pattern again further along! Then you should check that the second items match.
Here you will learn how to spot patterns! First, let’s look at some common patterns:
Now let’s practice spotting patterns!
Remember that the sequence must repeat more than 1 time for it to be a pattern.
Practice Question 1
Take a look at this picture. Is it a pattern?
Look at the first picture. Does it repeat later on? Does the second picture match?
Let’s try it!
– We are starting with the yellow hexagon that has 6 sides. Then we see an orange square. Look! There’s another yellow hexagon with 6 sides! Does it have an orange square after it also? Since it does, we know that we are seeing a pattern.
Patterns can be made using any combination of sizes, shapes, and colors! We just need to check that the same sequence repeats in the same order.
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Practice Question 2
Look at the picture below. Does it show a pattern?
Label the circles “A” and the green diamonds “B.” Each circle is followed by 2 green diamonds.
Practice Question 3
Take a look at this picture. Is there a pattern here?
Label the 1st object and all those that match it “A.” Label the other objects “B.”
Practice Question 4
Which of these two pictures shows a pattern?
You can label each shape as A or B to see if the same sequence is repeated.
Practice Question 5
Look at these 2 pictures. Which one shows a pattern?